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As the field of medicine continues to evolve and expand, the career opportunities for those pursuing a course in this field have also grown. Individuals who are fascinated by the workings of the human body and are dedicated to helping others often find themselves working as doctors, researchers, or professors. However, with so many options available, it can be confusing for students to choose the right medical course after the 12th.

While BSc Nursing, BSc Anesthesia, and other related courses are famous for students in the science stream, MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) remains the most sought-after career path. Students can also enhance their knowledge and skills by enrolling in postgraduate courses like Doctor of Medicine (M.D.). Though both programs are included in the list of popular medical courses, do you know the primary differences between the two? Or what prospects do they offer? If you want to understand the comparison between M.D. vs. MBBS degrees, here's a blog that will shed light on both programs' salient features.

Difference Between MD & MBBS

Difference Between MD & MBBS

MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine-Bachelor of Surgery, while M.D. stands for Doctor of Medicine.

What is MBBS?

MBBS is an undergraduate, first professional degree in medicine. MBBS courses are designed to train students in all fields of medicine.

MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery. It is a professional undergraduate degree program wherein the students acquire knowledge in various topics like Anatomy, Genetics, Microbiology, Pharmacology, etc. The course typically runs for 4 to 5 years, including a certain period of compulsory internship that provides the students with a platform to gain industrial exposure. Further, the internship also equips the learners with the career skills required to become a medical practitioner.

What is an M.D.?

M.D. is a Master's/Postgraduate degree. A candidate becomes eligible for M.D. only after completing an MBBS degree. Some countries consider an M.D. degree a professional doctorate for surgeons and physicians (i.e., the U.S.A. and the Philippines). Others think it is a research degree equal in value to a Ph. D.

Therefore, a student completes an M.D. after the MBBS to obtain training in a specialization of choice. M.D. specializations include pediatrics, gynecology, obstetrics, ophthalmology, dentistry, and the like. An MD is expected to gradually make the student a specialist in the Medical branch of choice. M.D. degrees are typically completed in 2 years. Various universities and colleges worldwide mandate the submission of a dissertation and thesis as a program requirement.

Degree LevelUndergraduate level degree in medicinePostgraduate level degree in medicine
FocusGeneral MedicineA specific specialization in medicine and surgery
Course StructureEncompasses a general overview of diverse fields of study in medicine and surgeryProvide detailed insight and knowledge in a particular specialization in medicine
Practise in MedicineMBBS is an essential requirement to become a medical practionierMBBS is not an essential requirement rather than a degree to specialize in the field of medicine
Duration4-5.5 year2 year
Admission RequirementComplete 10+2 with BiPc subjects;NEET ExamMust have a 4 year bachelor degree in medicine(MBBS/BAMS) with a year of internship/training;NEET Exam
Carrier ScopeGeneral physician or General SurgeonSpecialist in the field of medicine,such as gynecologist,oncologist etc

M.D. vs. MBBS Admissions in India

In India, over 500 medical institutions offer admissions into MBBS programs, with the essential requirement of students qualifying for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) exam with the specified scores set by the college or university. Both MD (Doctor of Medicine) and MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) are recognized by the Medical Council of India. They are conferred by institutions that are affiliated with the council.

Regarding M.D. vs. MBBS, MBBS is a 5.5-year program that includes both undergraduate and graduate-level education. Students are also required to complete at least a one-year internship or training. On the other hand, M.D. is a 3-year degree program that is only offered after a student completes their MBBS degree. Some of the prominent specializations for M.D. degrees include,

M.D. vs. MBBS: Career Scope

MD and MBBS degrees open up a wide range of career opportunities in the medical field. Graduates of both programs can work as physicians in various medical specialties, such as pediatrics, surgery, and cardiology.

It's worth noting that both M.D. and MBBS degree holders can work in the same field and have the same responsibilities, but M.D. degree holders may have more opportunities for advancement and specialized roles.


Questions: Can I pursue M.D. before MBBS?

Answer: No, an M.D. degree represents a higher postgraduate degree for specialty training. Only medical graduates with MBBS degrees are eligible to pursue an M.D. degree.

Question: Do I need to qualify for NEET to pursue MBBS in India?

Answer: Yes, candidates need to qualify for the NEET entrance examination securing the minimum required percentile to get admission to the top medical college in India.

Question: Is the MBBS equivalent to an M.D.?

Answer: No, an MBBS is an undergraduate degree in Medicine and Surgery. At the same time, an M.D. is a postgraduate degree obtained by those wanting to gain specialty training in a specific field of Medicine and Surgery.

Question: What does MBBS mean for a doctor?

Answer: MBBS is the abbreviated form of Latin Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae, which can be translated as Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery. It is an undergraduate degree in Medicine and Surgery and is awarded upon graduation from a medical school or institution.

Hopefully, you are familiar with the primary differences between M.D. and MBBS. If you are planning to study medical courses in south India but need clarification about the university, then don't worry! Take the assistance of the experts at I.V.S. Study Link, who will gauge your profile and recommend the most suitable universities for you!

MBBS, also known as Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, is one of the most sought-after courses in India. The medical field offers a wide range of opportunities for students who have completed their MBBS degree in terms of further education and job opportunities. This article will discuss some of the most popular career options available to MBBS graduates in India.

Post-Graduation in Medicine

One of the most obvious options for MBBS graduates is to pursue post-graduation in medicine. Specializations are available, including General Medicine, Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Surgery. Post-graduation in medicine allows doctors to become specialists in a particular field and offers better job opportunities and higher salary packages.

Junior Resident in Government Hospitals

Another popular career option for MBBS graduates is to work as a Junior Resident in government hospitals. Junior Residents are responsible for providing medical care to patients under the supervision of senior doctors. They also assist in surgeries and participate in ward rounds. Junior Residents often receive a stipend, which increases with experience.

Medical Officer in Government Hospitals

After gaining some experience as a Junior Resident, MBBS graduates can apply for the position of Medical Officer in government hospitals. Medical Officers are responsible for providing medical care to patients, managing a team of Junior Residents, and supervising the work of other healthcare staff. They also can pursue further education while working as Medical Officers.

Private Practice

Another popular career option for MBBS graduates is to start their private practice. This allows doctors to have more control over their work schedule and patient care, and they also have the potential to earn a higher income. However, starting a private practice can be challenging and requires a significant investment.

Teaching and Research

MBBS graduates interested in teaching and research can pursue a career in academia. They can work as professors or lecturers in medical colleges or universities and engage in research activities. This career path allows doctors to continue learning and contributing to the advancement of medical knowledge.

Medical Writing and Consulting

MBBS graduates with excellent writing and communication skills can consider a career in medical writing and consulting. They can work as freelance writers, creating content for medical journals and websites, or as consultants for pharmaceutical companies and medical device manufacturers.


With the rise of technology and internet access in India, telemedicine has become a popular career option for MBBS graduates. Telemedicine allows doctors to provide remote medical consultations via phone or video call, making healthcare more accessible to patients in remote and underserved areas. MBBS graduates can work as telemedicine specialists, providing consultations and treatment plans remotely or as part of a telemedicine team in hospitals and clinics. This career option allows doctors to work flexibly from anywhere and also provides the opportunity to work with a diverse patient population.

Medical Sales

MBBS graduates can also choose to work in medical sales, representing pharmaceutical companies and medical device manufacturers to healthcare providers. Medical sales representatives promote and sell medical products to doctors, hospitals, and clinics. This career option requires a strong understanding of medical products and excellent communication and negotiation skills. Medical sales representatives must also keep up-to-date with the latest medical research and developments in their field.

Public Health

MBBS graduates can also consider a career in public health, working with government agencies or non-profit organizations to improve the health of communities. Public health professionals work on various issues, including disease prevention and control, health promotion, and health policy development. They also research and analyze data to inform public health programs and policies. This career option requires a strong understanding of the social and economic determinants of health and the ability to work effectively in a team.

Medical Tourism

MBBS graduates can also choose to work in the medical tourism industry, providing medical services to patients from other countries. Medical tourism involves providing medical care to patients who travel to another country for treatment. This career option requires a strong understanding of the healthcare system in the country where medical tourism is being provided and the ability to work effectively with patients from diverse cultural backgrounds. Medical tourism can be a challenging but rewarding career choice, offering the opportunity to work with patients from all over the world and improve their health outcomes.

MBBS graduates have a wide range of career options in India. From post-graduation in medicine to private practice, there are opportunities for doctors to specialize in a particular field, work in government or private hospitals, or engage in teaching and research. They can also consider a career in medical writing and consulting. Ultimately, the choice of employment will depend on an individual's interests, skills, and aspirations.


Blog Overview

Discover the top 10 specialization in Medicine that are in high demand for MBBS graduates. Explore the various best specializations after mbbs available in the medical field and learn about the skills and knowledge required for each specialty. Make an informed decision about your future in best specialty after mbbs with this comprehensive guide.

The world of medicine is ever-evolving, and the reason is advancements in medical technology and techniques are making the specialities in medicine more specialized than ever. Furthermore, the specializations in medicine field are expected to be well-versed in the most up-to-date treatments and practices. 

The profession of medicine is one of the most respected and sought-after career paths in the world. It has become even more desirable over the years due to the increasing population and advancement in medical technology. 

While a general medical degree can open many doors for a career in the medical field, specializations in medicine fields can open even more opportunities and unlock higher salaries.

Specialization For MBBS

Medical graduates' careers don't begin after they complete their MBBS degrees. Students have plenty of options to improve and upgrade their qualification before they start to practice. It would help if one has got PG with a core specialization. Do you think your learning stops there? No, You have a long way to go and far more to learn. So, What can you do after completing your PG?

Here are the top 10 demanded Medical Specializations after MBBS:

MBBS, or Bachelor of Medicine / Surgery, is one of the most sought career after medical qualifications in the meantime. Specialization in medicine field is an increasingly popular route for those looking to make a wider career scope.

For those considering their options in MBBS, there are a number of specializations available to choose from. And if you are also one of them, then you might be wondering which specialization for MBBS is the best for you? 

After completing your PG, you can go with the below given top 10 most demanded specializations for MBBS graduates. So, without further ado, let’s dive into the top 10 mbbs specializations list for MBBS graduates and also know the essential information about these specializations after MBBS.

1. Orthopaedics

MS degree in Orthopaedics is the first in the list of most demanded specialization in medicine. Orthopaedics is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. The surgeons practice in many areas, including:

Orthopaedic surgeons work closely with other health care providers such as general or plastic surgeons to diagnose and treat musculoskeletal disorders. Orthopaedics is a highly demanded specialization in MBBS because of:

2. Radiology

MD in Radiology is the second best option to choose after MBBS. Radiology is a medical specialty that deals with the use of medical imaging to diagnose and treat diseases. Radiologists use various imaging techniques such as X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans, ultrasound, and nuclear medicine to examine the internal structures of the body.

Radiology is one of the most sought and best field in mbbs because of:

3. General Medicine

Medicine is among alternate branches which are, in every case, high on interest. It is a rewarding career choice for those interested in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adult diseases. Besides, the General Medicine expert can do his calling by dealing with the different ailments, determination, and treatment.

General Medicine is part of therapeutic science, managing the analysis and treatment of the analyzed maladies. It's among the most demanded mbbs specialization fields because of:

4. Dermatology

Dermatology is a specialization in mbbs that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of skin, hair, and nail diseases. It has tremendous significance regarding its importance and growth in this field. Presently, dermatologists have become very popular because they have made people look after themselves better than before by providing ways to keep their bodies healthy.

Dermatology is one of the best specialization in MBBS due to the following advantages:

5. Pediatrics

Pediatrics is the most popular career option after MBBS in the medical field today. Pediatrics is a medical specialty that deals with the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents, from birth up to the age of 18 years. It involves the diagnosis and treatment of various diseases, disorders, and injuries that affect children's health.

Furthermore, if you pursue a career in neonatology, you will have even more opportunities. Pediatrics is a highly demanded specialization in MBBS due to:

6. Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, called in the abbreviated form Obs and Gynae or OBG, Obstetrics and Gynecology (OBGYN) is a medical specialty that deals with the female reproductive system's health, including childbirth, pregnancy, and the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of reproductive system disorders.

The specialists in this field are trained to provide comprehensive care for these issues by utilizing their knowledge of primary medicine, surgery, psychiatry, and other allied disciplines like obstetrician-gynaecologist, radiologists, etc.

The demand for Obstetrics & Gynaecology is vast because it encompasses everything from treating infertility to dealing with complications. It's one among the best field in mbbs because:

7. General Surgery

General surgery is among the mbbs specialization fields that focuses on operative procedures performed on a wide range of patients. General surgeons perform operations on both open and closed surgical procedures. General surgeons are also known as surgical specialists.

General Surgery is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis and surgical treatment of various conditions, injuries, and diseases affecting the abdomen, breast, skin, soft tissues, and endocrine system. It also includes trauma care and critical care. General Surgery is one of the most sought-after specializations after MBBS due to:

8. Family Medicine

Family doctors can treat 90% of clinical conditions, becoming more popular among other medical specialities in India. Family medicine specialists are considered the backbone of the medical field as they cover all age groups, organs, and genders. Moreover, their roles in the community become crucial.

Family Medicine is a medical specialty that focuses on the comprehensive healthcare of individuals and families across all ages, genders, and diseases. It involves the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of various illnesses, injuries, and disorders affecting the entire family unit. Family Medicine is one of the most sought-after specializations after MBBS due to:

9. Psychiatry

Psychiatry is another vital branch and has great demands these days. Anyway, anybody with an MBBS degree can complete this course, and it helps many patients suffering from various problems.

Psychiatry is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illnesses and disorders. It involves the study of the mind, behavior, and mental processes of individuals. Psychiatry is a highly demanded specialization in MBBS:

10. Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology is one of the most sought-after specializations in medicine. It deals with the diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases.

The speciality requires extensive knowledge about the eyes as well as their disorders. The candidates must have good skills in laboratory procedures like microscopy and fundoscopy and clinical skills like slit-lamp examination. It's a demanded specialization in medicine because of:


These are just a few of the top specialization after mbbs. Each of the specialities in medicine field requires its own specific training and education, and it is important to research your chosen specialization after MBBS thoroughly to understand what is required by you. With the increasing demand for specialized medical professionals, it is important to consider best specialization after MBBS in India, if you are looking to make a long-term career in the best clinical branches after MBBS.


Which is the best specialization in MBBS?

There are multiple specialization areas after MBBS. The MBBS graduates will have to choose whether to become physicians or surgeons. Then they can select an area of specialization in that or can go with studying general medicine or general surgery. Almost every area has a good scope, so it depends on the student's interest.

How much would a specialization course cost after MBBS?

The average annual course fee of the postgraduate specialization in a government institution would be around INR 2,000 to INR 4,000, whereas in a private institute, it could lead up to INR 60,000 - INR 25,00,000.

Why pursuing specialization after MBBS has become so known?

Pursuing specialization after MBBS has become the need of the hour as the demand for consulting a specialist for even treating minor ailments is increasing.

How many PG medical seats are there in India?

There are 38844, which include Doctor of Medicine (MD), Master of Surgery (MS), PG Diploma, and DNB CET seats up for grabs for lakhs of candidates who take various postgraduate entrances annually.

Candidates who take various postgraduate entrances annually.

How can I take an MBBS degree in India?

The student who is willing to be admitted to an MBBS program in India must-Have to clear the 12th examination with PCB (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology ) as compulsory subjects with a minimum of 50% marks for the general category & 40% marks for other backward categories.

The candidate must have completed a minimum of 17 years of age on or before 31st December of the year of admission.

How to choose the best speciality after MBBS?

Choosing a specialty after MBBS depends on various factors such as personal interests, aptitude, job prospects, and lifestyle preferences. Additionally, seeking guidance from mentors and consultants can help a lot.

What to do after MBBS?

After MBBS, you can either start practicing medicine or pursue a specialization in a specific field such as pediatrics, dermatology, radiology, or orthopedics. Other career options include healthcare administration, medical research, medical writing, medical education, public health, and medical journalism.


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