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As the field of medicine continues to evolve and expand, the career opportunities for those pursuing a course in this field have also grown. Individuals who are fascinated by the workings of the human body and are dedicated to helping others often find themselves working as doctors, researchers, or professors. However, with so many options available, it can be confusing for students to choose the right medical course after the 12th.

While BSc Nursing, BSc Anesthesia, and other related courses are famous for students in the science stream, MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) remains the most sought-after career path. Students can also enhance their knowledge and skills by enrolling in postgraduate courses like Doctor of Medicine (M.D.). Though both programs are included in the list of popular medical courses, do you know the primary differences between the two? Or what prospects do they offer? If you want to understand the comparison between M.D. vs. MBBS degrees, here's a blog that will shed light on both programs' salient features.

Difference Between MD & MBBS

Difference Between MD & MBBS

MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine-Bachelor of Surgery, while M.D. stands for Doctor of Medicine.

What is MBBS?

MBBS is an undergraduate, first professional degree in medicine. MBBS courses are designed to train students in all fields of medicine.

MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery. It is a professional undergraduate degree program wherein the students acquire knowledge in various topics like Anatomy, Genetics, Microbiology, Pharmacology, etc. The course typically runs for 4 to 5 years, including a certain period of compulsory internship that provides the students with a platform to gain industrial exposure. Further, the internship also equips the learners with the career skills required to become a medical practitioner.

What is an M.D.?

M.D. is a Master's/Postgraduate degree. A candidate becomes eligible for M.D. only after completing an MBBS degree. Some countries consider an M.D. degree a professional doctorate for surgeons and physicians (i.e., the U.S.A. and the Philippines). Others think it is a research degree equal in value to a Ph. D.

Therefore, a student completes an M.D. after the MBBS to obtain training in a specialization of choice. M.D. specializations include pediatrics, gynecology, obstetrics, ophthalmology, dentistry, and the like. An MD is expected to gradually make the student a specialist in the Medical branch of choice. M.D. degrees are typically completed in 2 years. Various universities and colleges worldwide mandate the submission of a dissertation and thesis as a program requirement.

Degree LevelUndergraduate level degree in medicinePostgraduate level degree in medicine
FocusGeneral MedicineA specific specialization in medicine and surgery
Course StructureEncompasses a general overview of diverse fields of study in medicine and surgeryProvide detailed insight and knowledge in a particular specialization in medicine
Practise in MedicineMBBS is an essential requirement to become a medical practionierMBBS is not an essential requirement rather than a degree to specialize in the field of medicine
Duration4-5.5 year2 year
Admission RequirementComplete 10+2 with BiPc subjects;NEET ExamMust have a 4 year bachelor degree in medicine(MBBS/BAMS) with a year of internship/training;NEET Exam
Carrier ScopeGeneral physician or General SurgeonSpecialist in the field of medicine,such as gynecologist,oncologist etc

M.D. vs. MBBS Admissions in India

In India, over 500 medical institutions offer admissions into MBBS programs, with the essential requirement of students qualifying for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) exam with the specified scores set by the college or university. Both MD (Doctor of Medicine) and MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) are recognized by the Medical Council of India. They are conferred by institutions that are affiliated with the council.

Regarding M.D. vs. MBBS, MBBS is a 5.5-year program that includes both undergraduate and graduate-level education. Students are also required to complete at least a one-year internship or training. On the other hand, M.D. is a 3-year degree program that is only offered after a student completes their MBBS degree. Some of the prominent specializations for M.D. degrees include,

M.D. vs. MBBS: Career Scope

MD and MBBS degrees open up a wide range of career opportunities in the medical field. Graduates of both programs can work as physicians in various medical specialties, such as pediatrics, surgery, and cardiology.

It's worth noting that both M.D. and MBBS degree holders can work in the same field and have the same responsibilities, but M.D. degree holders may have more opportunities for advancement and specialized roles.


Questions: Can I pursue M.D. before MBBS?

Answer: No, an M.D. degree represents a higher postgraduate degree for specialty training. Only medical graduates with MBBS degrees are eligible to pursue an M.D. degree.

Question: Do I need to qualify for NEET to pursue MBBS in India?

Answer: Yes, candidates need to qualify for the NEET entrance examination securing the minimum required percentile to get admission to the top medical college in India.

Question: Is the MBBS equivalent to an M.D.?

Answer: No, an MBBS is an undergraduate degree in Medicine and Surgery. At the same time, an M.D. is a postgraduate degree obtained by those wanting to gain specialty training in a specific field of Medicine and Surgery.

Question: What does MBBS mean for a doctor?

Answer: MBBS is the abbreviated form of Latin Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae, which can be translated as Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery. It is an undergraduate degree in Medicine and Surgery and is awarded upon graduation from a medical school or institution.

Hopefully, you are familiar with the primary differences between M.D. and MBBS. If you are planning to study medical courses in south India but need clarification about the university, then don't worry! Take the assistance of the experts at I.V.S. Study Link, who will gauge your profile and recommend the most suitable universities for you!

MBBS, also known as Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, is one of the most sought-after courses in India. The medical field offers a wide range of opportunities for students who have completed their MBBS degree in terms of further education and job opportunities. This article will discuss some of the most popular career options available to MBBS graduates in India.

Post-Graduation in Medicine

One of the most obvious options for MBBS graduates is to pursue post-graduation in medicine. Specializations are available, including General Medicine, Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Surgery. Post-graduation in medicine allows doctors to become specialists in a particular field and offers better job opportunities and higher salary packages.

Junior Resident in Government Hospitals

Another popular career option for MBBS graduates is to work as a Junior Resident in government hospitals. Junior Residents are responsible for providing medical care to patients under the supervision of senior doctors. They also assist in surgeries and participate in ward rounds. Junior Residents often receive a stipend, which increases with experience.

Medical Officer in Government Hospitals

After gaining some experience as a Junior Resident, MBBS graduates can apply for the position of Medical Officer in government hospitals. Medical Officers are responsible for providing medical care to patients, managing a team of Junior Residents, and supervising the work of other healthcare staff. They also can pursue further education while working as Medical Officers.

Private Practice

Another popular career option for MBBS graduates is to start their private practice. This allows doctors to have more control over their work schedule and patient care, and they also have the potential to earn a higher income. However, starting a private practice can be challenging and requires a significant investment.

Teaching and Research

MBBS graduates interested in teaching and research can pursue a career in academia. They can work as professors or lecturers in medical colleges or universities and engage in research activities. This career path allows doctors to continue learning and contributing to the advancement of medical knowledge.

Medical Writing and Consulting

MBBS graduates with excellent writing and communication skills can consider a career in medical writing and consulting. They can work as freelance writers, creating content for medical journals and websites, or as consultants for pharmaceutical companies and medical device manufacturers.


With the rise of technology and internet access in India, telemedicine has become a popular career option for MBBS graduates. Telemedicine allows doctors to provide remote medical consultations via phone or video call, making healthcare more accessible to patients in remote and underserved areas. MBBS graduates can work as telemedicine specialists, providing consultations and treatment plans remotely or as part of a telemedicine team in hospitals and clinics. This career option allows doctors to work flexibly from anywhere and also provides the opportunity to work with a diverse patient population.

Medical Sales

MBBS graduates can also choose to work in medical sales, representing pharmaceutical companies and medical device manufacturers to healthcare providers. Medical sales representatives promote and sell medical products to doctors, hospitals, and clinics. This career option requires a strong understanding of medical products and excellent communication and negotiation skills. Medical sales representatives must also keep up-to-date with the latest medical research and developments in their field.

Public Health

MBBS graduates can also consider a career in public health, working with government agencies or non-profit organizations to improve the health of communities. Public health professionals work on various issues, including disease prevention and control, health promotion, and health policy development. They also research and analyze data to inform public health programs and policies. This career option requires a strong understanding of the social and economic determinants of health and the ability to work effectively in a team.

Medical Tourism

MBBS graduates can also choose to work in the medical tourism industry, providing medical services to patients from other countries. Medical tourism involves providing medical care to patients who travel to another country for treatment. This career option requires a strong understanding of the healthcare system in the country where medical tourism is being provided and the ability to work effectively with patients from diverse cultural backgrounds. Medical tourism can be a challenging but rewarding career choice, offering the opportunity to work with patients from all over the world and improve their health outcomes.

MBBS graduates have a wide range of career options in India. From post-graduation in medicine to private practice, there are opportunities for doctors to specialize in a particular field, work in government or private hospitals, or engage in teaching and research. They can also consider a career in medical writing and consulting. Ultimately, the choice of employment will depend on an individual's interests, skills, and aspirations.

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